As a result of almost eight years of effort in preparing the Sinhala exegesis of the Al-Quran by the All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama, the launching ceremony took place on Sunday, 07th of April 2019 at the BMICH.
Ash-Shaikh Qari M.H.M Firdous inaugurating the function with Quirath, Ash-Shaikh A.C. Agar Mohammed, the Vice President of the ACJU, addressed the gathering in his opening speech.
Following that, a prominent individual playing a key role in guiding and supporting the ACJU in its legal endeavors President Counsel, Lawyer Faisz Musthapha delivered his oration. In his speech, he emphasized the fact that the tome had been compiled with brief, useful notes and comprised of eloquent literary work.
Following PC Faisz Musthapaha, Professor Daya Amarasekara of the University of Peradeniya addressed the gathering. In the course of his delivery, he stated that this book would serve as a pathway to bridge the gap between Muslims and the people of other religions and to eliminate misconceptions. He also mentioned that the fact the only true way to avoid conflict between societies altogether is through understanding.
A video presentation on the Sinhala Exegesis of the Holy Quran by ACJU was presented to the gathered audience.
Following this, the special speech of this event was delivered by Mufti M. I. M. Rizwe the President of ACJU.
He emphasized the cordial relationships of the Muslims and the other communities that has been existing since the ancient times. He cited a few key Verses of the Holy Quran which guides mankind on moral values and coexistence. And also he highlighted the excellent qualities manifested by Prophet Muhammad PBUH. While appreciating HE President’s efforts to eradicate the drug abuse menace from the society, Mufti Rizwe expressed the willingness of the Muslim Community to contribute to the Social Development of this country of all possible ways. Finally he supplicated to Allah for all those who have been serving for the noble Quran throughout the world and moreover he gratefully reminded that there were many who have been supporting the ACJU to take over this challenging task approximately for eight years.
The most significant event of this historical occasion of presenting the 1st copy of the Sinhala Exegesis of the Holy Quran by ACJU, to H. E. Maithripala Sirisena, the President of the Sri Lanka, by the Mufti M.I.M. Rizwe, President of the ACJU.
Following this event, the Former Member of Parliament Mr. Imthiyaz Bakeer Makar’s Speech of Honor was delivered. In his speech, he mentioned that in a pluralistic country like Sri Lanka we must have the knowledge of the other Religions to build co-existence.
The Chief Guest of this historic occasion The President of Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, His Excellency Maithripala Sirisena delivered his address. He mentioned that, the ACJU had accomplished a task which was a contemporary need and he greatly appreciated this effort.
The Vote of Thanks was delivered by one of the Deputy Secretaries of the ACJU, Ash-Shaikh Murshid Mulaffar. Finally the event concluded with the National Anthem.
The attendees of this historic event, were honored by the free distribution of copies of the ‘Sinhala Exegesis of the Al-Quran by ACJU’, as a memento of this significant event.
Religious Scholars, Members of the Parliament, Non-Muslim Guests, and a large number of invitees graced this occasion.
ACJU Media Division
The All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama (ACJU) is pleased to release this message on the 71st Independence Day of our motherland Sri Lanka.
This Independence was obtained by the Buddhists, Hindus, Muslims and Christians, who sacrificed unitedly beyond all ethnic, religious, racial differences and achieved this victory for our motherland. It is important to commemorate these heroic achievers on this Day of Independence.
Similar to the sacrifices of our predecessors, who overlooked their differences of caste, creed and ethnicity in their struggles, the ACJU invites all citizens of this country, to come forward casting aside our religious, racial and political differences and make efforts towards the prosperity and development of this country.
The ACJU desires that we, especially the Muslims, should follow the steps of great personalities like T.B. Jayah and Sir Razick Fareed, and become citizens who dedicate our lives for the prosperity of this country.
Our wishes and prayers is that this multi-ethnic country, which consists of Buddhists, Hindus, Muslims and Christians, should ever flourish with development and prosperity. The ACJU wishes to remind that the prosperity and development of a country depends on the patriotism and unity of the citizens.
Thus, the ACJU seeks blessings from the Almighty, for all citizens of this country to live in unity and solidarity as a family.
May this nation be blessed with all necessary resources and excel as a ‘United Sri Lanka’.
Ash Sheikh M.M.A. Mubarak
All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama
The ACJU Division for Youth Affairs conducted a Career Guidance program for selected youth at the Baraimul Imaan Foundation, Gothatuwa, on the 31st of January.
The plurality of religions is a reality of the human experience. All religions acknowledge this fact undeniably. No religion encourages blasphemous or humiliating acts towards other religions.
Islam strongly condemns blasphemy against other religions and offending the feelings of followers of other religions. The Holy Quran guides us in very clear terms: “Do not revile those whom they invoke other than Allah,”[6:108]
It is evident that the religion of Islam, which does not permit abuse of other religious deities, certainly does not permit humiliation of other religions nor permits its followers to offend the feelings of the followers of other religions.
Throughout history, the Muslim community has been living in peace and tranquility among other communities, and has also immensely contributed in various aspects to the development of the country. Thus, any blasphemous or unlawful activity under the name of religion or ethnicity, shall not be tolerated by the Muslim Community. Furthermore the entire Muslim Community strongly condemns any sort of activity under the banner of Islam, which resorts to extremism and blasphemy.
Recently an incident occurred that hurt the feelings of the Buddhist community and some suspects were arrested. After necessary investigations, they should be brought to book and punishments be meted out if they are proven guilty, regardless of whoever they are. At the same time, effective measures should be taken to ensure prevalence of peace and tranquility among all communities within the country. Effective strategies should be formulated and implemented, especially for the guidance of youth, by places of religious worship and civil organizations island wide.
In the absence of an official declaration from the government concerning the said incident, the Muslim community is concerned that the circulation of unconfirmed news, rumours and false assumptions, might disrupt the unity and coexistence prevailing among the communities. Therefore Media institutions, abiding by accepted standards of ‘Media Ethics’, are kindly requested to conduct themselves in a responsible manner while preserving the unity and coexistence that has for centuries prevailed among the communities of this country.
The recent incidents which occurred in Sri Lanka also prove that individuals who carry out religious blasphemy exist in all religions. It is sad to note that from time to time, some people involve in blasphemy against other religions and harm the lives and properties of other religious communities. The disastrous incidents which occurred in the recent past clearly attests to this. If this unpleasant culture of violence continues, the prevalence of peace and prosperity in our motherland that was achieved by all citizens together over all these years, will become a very arduous and challenging task in future.
We urge the Government to ensure peace and tranquility in our beloved country by utilizing all means, such as Intelligence officers to get to the truth and the whole truth behind these incidents, the Police who maintain law and order, the security forces who protect each and all of us and the judicial authorities who establish justice, and be vigilant with regard to anyone acting against the peace and tranquility of our beloved island, irrespective of race or religion.
27.12.2018 / 18.04.1440 (H)
ACJU MEDIA STATEMENT
ACJU STRONGLY CONDEMNS THE ACT OF DAMAGING BUDDHA STATUES
The All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama (ACJU) strongly condemns the act of religious blasphemy that occurred recently in the Mawanella Area.
The ACJU considers this act of damaging of the Buddha statue, which is worshipped by the majority Buddhists living in this country, as a deed of damaging the mutual understanding and reconciliation among the communities. The ACJU hereby reiterates that humiliating other religions by damaging the religious icons of worship is against the teachings of Islam.
These types of misdeeds may result in creating unnecessary commotions in the country, where the Buddhists, Hindus, Christians and Muslims are living together in unity and reconciliation.
Therefore, the ACJU requests the authorities to take legal action against the offenders whoever they are and implement justice, and the ACJU also requests His Excellency the President, Hon. Prime Minister and Inspector General of Police to take the necessary measures to maintain law and order at this situation, not allowing any evil opportunists taking law into their hands.
Ash-Shaikh M.M.A. Mubarak
General Secretary - All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama
Message of Condolence on the Demise of President’s Counsel and Former Attorney General, Mohamed Shibly Aziz
Inna Lillahi Wa Inna Ilaihi Rajioon.
We, All Ceylon Jamiyyatul Ulama, deeply express our sincere condolences, on the demise of Mohamed Shibly Aziz PC, to his family & close relatives.
Mohamed Shibly Aziz was a President’s Counsel and Former Attorney General. He was also a former President of Bar Association (BASL) and a Member of the Constitutional Council. He was the second Muslim Attorney General in the legal history of Sri Lanka.
Mr. Shibly Aziz closely worked with the ACJU and has supported many worthy causes. Being the President of Central Federation of Ahadhiyyah Schools in Sri Lanka and as a Member of the Reforms Committee of the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act (MMDA), he has contributed immensely for the Muslim Community of this nation.
May Almighty Allah forgive him, have mercy upon him and grant him Jannathul Firdous, Aameen.
Ash Shaikh M.M.A. Mubarak
General Secretary - ACJU
2018.08.13 / 1439.12.01
Uldhiyya is an important Sunnah in Islam. Allah Swt says in the Holy Quran "So, offer Salāh (prayer) to your Lord, and sacrifice" (Surah 108 Verse 02).
This act of worship should be performed observing all guidelines prescribed in Islam, only by which the complete virtues could be attained.
Almighty Allah Swt states in the Holy Quran:
"It is neither their flesh nor their blood that reaches Allah, but what does reach Him is the Taqwā (the sense of obedience) on your part. Thus He has made them (the animals) subjugated to you, so that you proclaim Allah’s glory for the guidance He gave you. And give good news to those who are good in their deeds." (Surah 22 Verse 37)
And special attention should also be given to the Sri Lankan Legal rulings stated in 'Animal Act No.29 of 1958'.
Islam honors all lives, prohibits causing pain and enjoins to show kindness to animals.
The Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) warned a person by asking him to Fear Allah with regard to his animal to which he showed negligence in feeding.
The following guidelines should be observed when performing this act of worship:
The All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama kindly requests all Masjid Imams and Khateebs, in their lectures on virtues and importance of Uldhiyyah, to give prominence to the related rulings, guidelines and especially advice the public to perform this Ibaadah in a manner that does not hurt or arouse the feelings of other communities.
Ash Shaikh M.M.A. Mubarak
General Secretary - ACJU
Assalamu alaikum warahmathullahi wabarakatuh,
All praise is due to Allah. Salath and Salam be upon the final Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu alaihi wasallam, all his Progenies and Companions.
When the commencement of the Month of Ramadhan is declared in a certain locality, the people therein are required to start their fast. Likewise, when the end of the Month of Ramadhan is declared, the people of the locality are required to celebrate Eid festival the next day. The above guidelines have been provided by the past and the present Ulama alike, based on the likes of the Ahadith below:
"The fast is the day the people fast, the breaking of the fast is the day the people break their fast, and the sacrifice is the day the people sacrifice."
(Books: Sunan Al-Thirmidhi 697, Sunan-Ibni Majah -1660, Al-Sunan Al Khubra 8010, Sunan-Abi Dawood – 2324, Sunan Al-Daraqutni – 2177)
Abdullah Ibnu Umar Raliyallah Anhu narrates that a Lunar month generally consists of either twenty-nine days or thirty days.
“The Prophet (ﷺ) (holding out his ten fingers thrice), said, "The month is thus and thus and thus," namely thirty days. Then (holding out his ten fingers twice and then nine fingers), he said, "It may be thus and thus and thus," namely twenty nine days. He meant once thirty days and once twenty nine days.”
(Books: Saheehul Bukhary – 5302, Saheehu Muslim – 1080)
That means: a month shall be either thirty days or twenty-nine days.
Based on the above evidences, there is an Ijma' (consensus) amongst the Religious Scholars that a month cannot be less than twenty-nine days; and, if the moon cannot be sighted on the eve of the twenty-ninth day, the month shall complete thirty days.
“The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Start fasting on seeing the crescent (of Ramadan), and stop fasting on seeing the crescent (of Shawwal), and if the sky is overcast (and you cannot see it), complete thirty days of Sha'ban."”
(Books: Saheehul Bukhary – 1907, Saheeh Muslim – 1081)
Based on the above, one should start fasting when the locals of the area have commenced their fasting; and should celebrate Eid festival when the locals have declared that it is the day of Eid.
Moreover, if a person commences his fasts in one part of the world, and thereafter travels to another part and remains there till the festival, he shall follow the locals of the latter location in completing his fasts and celebrating Eid, regardless of whether he commenced his fasts on the same day as the locals or not. Therefore, If such a person had already completed thirty fasts, and the locals declared the next as fasting (as they had completed only 29), he will fast his 31st fast and celebrate Eid with the locals on the following day. On the contrary, if he had completed only 28 fasts, and the locals declared the next day as Eid (as they had completed 29), he shall celebrate Eid with the locals and shall make up for the one fast as a Qadha; as a lunar month cannot be less than 29 days, according to the clarification provided.
Similarly, if the month of Ramadhan was commenced by sighting the crescent or completing the month of Sha’ban with thirty days, and the crescent of Shawwal was sighted following the correct protocols, after having completed only 28 days of Ramadhan, the festival shall be celebrated on the twenty-ninth day and one day’s fast shall be made up for on another day as Qadha.
An event like this has occurred during the period of Khilafat of Ali Raliyallahu anhu. He commanded the people to make up for a day’s fast as Qadha. This has been recorded in Books such as Sunan Al- Baihaqi, Musannaf Abdir Razzack.
Similarly, in Saudi Arabia, in Hijri 1404, the people of the country completed Sha’ban with thirty days, as the skies were cloudy, and thereafter started Ramadhan. After the completion of 28 days, the moon was sighted. Hence, a decision was made by the Standing Committee for Research and Fatwa of KSA that the next day be declared Eid and to make up for a day’s fast as Qadha on another day.
Therefore, like any other Lunar month, Ramadhan could consist of either twenty-nine or thirty days. Similarly, if Shawwal moon-sighting is confirmed on the twenty-eighth day’s evening, it is compulsory to make up for a day’s fasting on any other day after the festival.
All clarifications on the above are recorded in the Books of Islamic Jurisprudence. Notably in, “Minhaajuth Thalibeen” of Shafie school of thought and its commentary books, “Mawahibul Jaleel” of Malik school of thought, “Raddul Muhthaar” of Hanafi School of Thought and contemporary Hanafi Fatwa Books called “Ahsanul Fathawa” & “Fathawa Raheemiyya”. Further, Jordan’s Official Fatwa Center and the recent scholars such as Ash-Sheikh Ibnu Baaz and Ash-Sheikh Ibnu Usaimeen and others have expressed similar opinions on this.
Allah knows best.
1. Ash-Sheikh M.L.M. Ilyas, Secretary, Fatwa Committee, ACJU
2. Ash-Sheikh I.L.M. Hashim Soori, Supervisor, Fatwa Division, ACJU
3. Ash-Sheikh M.M.A. Mubarak (Ghaffoori), General Secretary, ACJU
4. Ash-Sheikh M.I.M. Rizwe (Mufti), President, ACJU
May Allah accept all our good deeds and supplications in this holy month of Ramadhaan and bless all to live in unity, coexistence and reconciliation.
Fatwa Committee is one of the fifteen sub-Committees under which the All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama is doing a number of services to the Muslim community of this country. In this committee, there are (43) forty three committee members with Fiqh proficiency from many different Da’wa organizations. They review the needful guidance and issue religious decree to the people in need in writing, while responding through telephone inquiries and queries on personal visits.
According to the Constitution of the ACJU, Divisional and District branches of ACJU are not authorized to issue Written Fatwa. It is mentioned as follows in Chapter 9, of Division 14, Sub-division (l):
“Instigating every necessary task to help the Jamiyya (ACJU) achieve its general objectives except issuing Fatwa rulings.”
Moreover, ACJU’s Divisional and District branches can make reviews on needful matters to their area, submit their reports and recommendations to the ACJU head office. The Fatwa committee of ACJU Head office shall review this recommendation and arrive at the final decision. This will be published in writing.
The ACJU wishes to inform all Divisional and District branches of the ACJU that any Fatwa issued in writing by ACJU’s Divisional and District branches shall not be considered as Head Office Fatwa.
Therefore, we request you kindly to cooperate with the ACJU Head Office by avoiding the issue of any Fatwas in writing through ACJU’s Divisional and District branches, while making effort to issue Fatwas through the ACJU Fatwa committee.
Ash-Shaikh M.S.M Thasim
Asst. General Secretary
All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama
2018.05.31 / 1439.09.14
Among the various Hilaal sighting systems adopted internationally for determining the first moon, looking at it with the bare eyes is the closest system to the guidance of Quran and Hadith. It is this system most of the religious Scholars have proposed.
In the subject matter concerning commencement of Islamic month may change from country to country. It is not possible to see in the history of the past 1400 years that the whole Muslim community implemented the commencement of Islamic month by sighting from one location. But, the Sahabahs activities show that they were based on the moon-sighting at various locations. It is clarified in Saheehul Muslim as given below:
Muhammad bin Abi Harmalah (RA) narrated:
"Kuraib (RA) informed me that Umm Al-Fadl bin Al-Harith sent him to Mu'awiyah in Ash-Sham. He said: 'So I arrived in Ash-Sham and finished her errand, and I saw the crescent of Ramadhaan while I was in Ash-Sham. We saw the crescent on the night of Friday. Then I arrived in Al-Madinah at the end of the month. Ibn Abbas was questioning me, then he mentioned the crescent and he said: "When did you see the crescent?" I said: "We saw it on the night of Friday." He said: "Did you see it on the night of Friday?" I said: "The people saw it, so they fasted, and Mu'awiyah fasted." He said: "But we saw it on the night of Saturday, so we will not stop fasting until we complete thirty days or we see it." So I said: "Is not the sighting and fasting of Mu'awiyah enough for you?" He said: "This is not how the Messenger of Allah ordered us." – Saheeh Muslim 1087 |Thirmidhi 693 |Abu Dawud 2332 |Nasa’ee 2111|Musnad Ahmad 2789.
This narration has been recorded in the above mentioned Kithabs, under the Chapters on Hilaal sighting locally.
Imam Thirmidhi (Rah) (Hijri 210 – 279) upon recording the above Hadith, states the Islamic Scholars practiced Hilaal sighting based on this narration.
On the evening of 29th Sha’baan 1439 (16th of May 2018), the meeting for Ramdhaan Hilaal sighting was conducted under the leadership of Ash Shaikh Abdul Hameed (Bahji), President of the Hilaal Committee at the Colombo Grand Mosque, Representatives of Trustees of Colombo Grand Mosque, their Hilaal Committee and Mufti M.I.M. Rizwe, President of ACJU, Ash Shaikh A.L.M. Rila, Vice President of ACJU, Ash Shaikh M.S.M. Thassim, Asst. Secretary of ACJU, Ash-Sheikh M.L.M. Ilyas, Secretary of ACJU Fatwa Division ACJU, Members of ACJU Hilaal Committee, Director of MRCA and Trustees of Memon Hanafi Masjid participated in this meeting.
The Committee at the CGM contacted their respective regional Sub-Committees and the representatives of more than 35 areas including Colombo, Kalutara, Galle, Matara, Hambantota, Ampara, Trinco, Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Mannar, Puttalam Districts and areas such as Kattankudy, Akurana, Kandy, Mawanella etc. Even though it was speculated as per astronomical calculations that the 'Moon Lag Time' was for one hour and the chances of Hilaal sighting was highly possible, no sightings was reported due to adverse rainy and cloudy weather conditions that prevailed in the country during the time of Maghrib, especially in the areas where the Hilaal sighting was highly anticipated.
Finally the Colombo Grand Mosque, ACJU and the Dept. for Muslim Religious & Cultural Affairs (MRCA) collectively decided to act upon the ruling derived from the below Hadith and the All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama’s criteria on moon-sighting.
Narrated by Abu Hurayrah RadhiyAllahu Anhu,
The Prophet (ﷺ) said - "Start fasting on seeing the crescent (of Ramadan), and give up fasting on seeing the crescent (of Shawwal), and if the sky is overcast (and you cannot see it), complete thirty days of Sha'baan." - Saheeh Bukhari Hadith No. 1909.
Hence it was decided that as the Hilaal of Ramadhaan 1439 was not sighted, therefore, Sha'baan 1439 will complete 30 days and the 1st of Ramadhaan 1439 shall be on 18th of May 2018.
ALL CEYLON JAMIYYATHUL ULAMA’S FIVE BASIC CRITERIA ON MOON SIGHTING
The All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama assigned a special team of professionals In order to carry out a deep research on Moon sighting within the purview of Sharee’ah. The concerned team submitted a comprehensive report to the Head Office of the All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama, after several months of research on Sharee’ah issues with regard to Moon sighting. Following this report a special meeting was held at the Head Office of the All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama on 06.09.2006 to arrive at the final resolution on Moon sighting. Important Religious Scholars on behalf of the All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama and the Colombo Grand Mosque were present at the meeting, where the following five basic criteria on Moon sighting were resolved:
The monthly Hilaal sighting in Sri Lanka is conducted by the Colombo Grand Mosque (CGM), All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama (ACJU) & the Department of Muslim Religious and Cultural Affairs (MRCA).
From the 2014, there are around 40 Hilaal Sub Committees across the island, which consists members representing the above institutes and various other members. These Sub-Committees were formed with the objective of minimizing the errors and to curb the disputes which can occur while Hilaal sighting in the respective areas.
There is common misconception that in order to express the ‘Unity’ of Muslims living around the world, the commencement of Ramadhaan and celebration of Eid should be marked on the same day globally.
The majority of the Ulama have clearly declared that the Unity of Muslims should be embedded in the hearts of all Muslims whereas the Religious observances should be according to the Quran and Sunnah, hence such ‘Unity’ expression is incorrect.
The Muslim community has a widely spoken opinion that ‘unity’ can be expressed, only by following one crescent system and commencing Ramadhaan Fast together and celebrating Eid Festival together. This is wrong conceptual. In fact it is baseless, while it is unwise and impossible one. The reason is that on the earth there will be always day and night prevailing. At similar occasion even time difference part by part might appear. It will practically prevail even for 24 hours, maximum 2 days. These are scientific knowledge in general.
Therefore, in the name of making effort to unite this community through what is impossible is unsuitable. All ‘Ibadahs have to be practiced through religious guidance. Unity should be embedded in hearts. A Muslim should be of excellent conduct and honor the dignity and rights of others. He does not cause any harm to others but maintains strong bonds of kinship, reconciles differences among Muslims and is helpful to all. These are various ways by which Muslims could prove ‘unity’ among the community.
`Ikrima (Ral) narrated: Ibn `Abbas (Ral) said: "Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) delivered a sermon on the Day of Nahr, and said, 'O people! (Tell me) what is the day today?' The people replied, 'It is the forbidden (sacred) day.' He asked again, 'What town is this?' They replied, 'It is the forbidden (Sacred) town.' He asked, 'Which month is this?' They replied, 'It is the forbidden (Sacred) month.' He said, 'No doubt! Your blood, your properties, and your honor are sacred to one another like the sanctity of this day of yours, in this (sacred) town (Mecca) of yours, in this month of yours. - Shaheeh Bukhari 1739.
Internationally Hilaal was sighted in the current year at different countries at different dates, Namely, Turkey announced its Ramadhaan on Wednesday, 16th May, Saudi Arabia and majority of Arab countries announced Thursday, 17th May, meanwhile Sri Lanka and Bangladesh announced on Friday, 18th May. In this regard Religious Scholars never criticized others. They all accepted the different decisions taken by Religious Scholars in different countries as correct. This is the collective decision of Religious Scholars.
Furthermore, due to cloudy sky and adverse weather condition Sha’ban has been completed by 30 days and only if 28 days are availed for Ramadhan, there is beautiful guidance in Shari’ah. This similar events have occurred many times in the history. Insha Allah ACJU’s Fatwa Division will release this guidance very soon.
Allah knows best.
Ash-Shaikh K.M Muqsith Ahamed
Secretary – Hilaal Division
All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama